Cambodia has been participating in climate change mitigation mechanisms since 2006 when its first Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project was approved. Since then, 10 other CDM projects were approved, as well as 2 REDD+ projects and
2 Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) projects, with more projects on the pipeline. While CDM and REDD+ mechanisms follow specific requirements set by Conference of the Parties (CoP) of the UNFCCC, JCM is a system to cooperate with developing countries for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, in which the result of reduction is assessed as contribution by both partner countries and Japan.
JCM, established as a bilateral offset credit mechanism, intends to provide greater flexibility in responding to national circumstances of developing countries and facilitating diffusion of GHG reduction technologies, infrastructures, systems and services. The Low Carbon Growth Partnership agreement signed between Japan and Cambodia in April 2014 marked the start of JCM activities in the country, with the Department of Climate Change, GSSD (JCM’s Secretariat) playing a key role in engaging government institutions, private companies and other relevant stakeholders in JCM project development and implementation activities.
The installation of LED street lighting technology with wireless network control, a project approved in 2016, was the first JCM project to be implemented in Cambodia. When all the 9,775 LED units are in place, the project is expected to reduce over 3,500 tCo2eq annually, by reducing electricity consumption through the use of a smart lighting system (wireless network control) and LED high energy efficient light bulbs (up to 80% more efficient than traditional lighting such as fluorescent and incandescent lights). A second JCM project to save energy in a Water Treatment Plant in Phnom Penh was approved this year, with two more renewable energy projects in the pipeline – installation of a 1MW solar powered cooling system at Camko City Aeon Mall, and a 0.8MW solar power generator at the International School of Phnom Penh.
These projects showcase how new energy efficient technologies can help both reduce GHG emissions and cut costs, while contributing to Cambodia’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).